Italian general elections 2013 – the results

At the end of a short and bitter political campaign we finally have the results of this election run. There are three different results to evaluate: votes for the “Camera dei Deputati” (House of Representatives of Lower House), votes for the Senate and finally votes for the regional assemblies of Lazio, Lombardia and Molise (that will be available today in the evening). The first two results give the picture of the next national government, the latter are important too giving the political and economical weight of Lazio and Lombardia.

Camera dei Deputati (House of Representatives or Lower House)

Center-Left coalition (PD, Sel, CD, Svp) 340 seats

Center-right coalition (PdL, LN, seven other parties) 124 seats

Mario Monti coalition (Sc, UdC, FLI) 45 seats

Movimento 5 Stelle 108

Result: absolute majority for the center-left coalition.

Senate

Center-Left coalition (PD, Sel, CD, Svp) 113 seats

Center-right coalition (PdL, LN, seven other parties) 116 seats

Mario Monti coalition (Sc, UdC, FLI) 18

Movimento 5 Stelle 54 seats

Result: no absolute majority (158 seats needed)

What will happen now?

The situation we got now is quite difficult to elaborate. In Italy any government we need a confermation vote in both houses and as you may see there is no coherent majority between Senate and House of Representatives. With this numbers it’s quite clear that it’s up to Pierluigi Bersani (leader of the center-left coalition) to form the new italian government from a minority position in Senate, that will be the first time ever in Italy. He will be appointed by italian president of the Republic,  Mr. Giorgio Napolitano, shortly after a formal round of sessions with all the political leaders. The first challenge for Mr. Bersani will be to win more votes at the Senate on a reform program; that could come both from the senators of “Movimento 5 Stelle” and from their collegues from “Mario Monti coalition”. It is important to note that this time we will have far more women that before in both houses, that could be an important factor for the social issues this goverment will have to face in the next few months.

Who win this round?

The  “Movimento 5 Stelle” party scores an impressive result, even more impressive for a party that got no real infrastrucure, a very light organization model and no political allies at all. This party will be the key factor at Senate and a very powerful influence in the parlamentary commissions. By popular consensus is the first party in Italy.

Who lose this round?

Mr. Silvio Berlusconi party, “Popolo delle Libertà” (PdL) lose millions of votes from the 2008 national elections, the same can be said for his allies “Lega Nord” (LN) that  lose about half of its consensus (from a bit more 8% to the actual value of 4%). It is to be considered that a few weeks ago polls gave far worser numbers for both parties. Now Mr. Berlusconi will try to negotiate for a short-term government.

Mr. Mario Monti, incumbent PM, lose his bet for a new political party. He needed about 15% of the general consensus to be incisive in the next legislature and fall short from the intended target. Very short. His allies has been crushed (UdC and FLI), leaving him alone in the field. If Mr. Bersani and Mr. Grillo reach any kind of agreement then he’s out from all power plays.

Mr. Antonio Ingroia, leader of “Rivoluzione Civile”, is screaming blue murder about his failure to get enough votes to enter the national assembly. He blames Mr. Bersani, blames his allies, blames the media and the whole world. This round certfies the political death of four minor parties and the end of the political career of their leaders. For Mr. Ingroia it’s high time to go back to his previous work.

Mr. Oscar Giannino, leader of “Fare per fermare il declino”, has been burned out by a scandal shortly before this round. Bad news for a brand new party like this one and huge consequencies for its electoral results. They are out for good, with about 1% of the votes. They will decide what to do in the next few days, starting for the need of a different leadership.

Who is left in the middle?

Center-left coalition is on a very peculiar position. They control the lower house, Mr. Bersani is the first candidate for leadership of a new government. At the same time they lose an irrepetible choice to win national elections, due to a number of mistakes done in tha last two months.  Mr. Bersani find a bitter end for a long and good political career, the party is shocked. 

6 thoughts on “Italian general elections 2013 – the results

  1. It’ s sad. Very a very sad time for Italy.
    L’ unico risultato buono di questa tornata elettorale è il ridimensionamento della LN. Però, se Maroni vince in Lombardia ci troveremmo un partito politico che pur non raggiungendo il 3,9% lo stesso governerebbe in tre delle regioni più ricche d’ Italia, potendo oltretutto tentare ancora di dividere il paese.
    Staremo a vedere cosa succede, chi vivrà vedrà…

    • A sad time indeed. Today we will discover what’s the result for regional elections (Lazio, Lombradia and Molise), so we will understand what are the real perspectives of LN. The whole concept of a northern macroregion is already down in the sink, LN got very poor results in Veneto and in Piemonte.

  2. I can hardly imagine a worst outcome for these elections.
    We don’t have a true winner, the sole clear thing that emerged is that italians have definitely surrendered to populism. And this scares me a lot.

    I can’t really imagine how one could still vote for PdL after all these years, and I am also worried about the result of M5S.

    • It could be worse than this. It could be raining. (cit.)😉 By the way Sunday was a snowy day…
      Populism is at top nowadays, a clear indication about how much tought our countrymen has been given to the politics. It’s an old country, even after the end of the main ideologies it’s still a matter of “us” and “them”. We will see in the days to come how it will be possible to work with M5S.

  3. The problem with M5S it that they think about themselves as something outside the institutions and recognize only their own rules, that in my opinion are at least questionable.
    If some of their proposals can be condivided (but just some, their view about economics and Europe i.e. are despicable), I completely disagree on their methods.
    But, I also think that now that they are on the other side of the fence, they must change their attitude and think about what they want to be.

    • What’s going on in Parma and in Sicily are a good way to take a look at the attitude of M5S when it comes to be inside institutions. They found their way to choose, debate, finance and act within the rules. Grillo can say whatever he wants everyday (Dario Fo for president! Out from the Euro!), day-by-day decisions in Parliament could be quite different. I’m curious.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s