A recent paper, published by Science Advances (link: HERE), set up a red flag for a possible catastrophe in Italy. Under the location named Campi Flegrei (Phlegraean Fields, Wikipedia link) there is a massive volcanic area, with one of the largest caldera ever observed.
When it comes to talking about Africa, there’s a familiar story doing the rounds almost everywhere in Italy. Stop it if you already know it and directly go to the second part of this post.
The African story.
You see, Africa could be the paradise of our world. Without the evil interferences of foreigners and the horrible acts of the multinational companies, our African friends will be free to use wisely their valuable resources and be finally free. The worst of the worst are the European countries, that never stop to crush every hope for the Africans.
Does it sound familiar? Well, this tale is spinning since the ’60s, so I guess that you have heard it before. The subtext is that the white European monsters are the true enemies of the African countries and that before the start of the European colonialism the tribes and the nations of the black continent were in peace, free and happy. Modern-day companies, according to this tale, are no more than another evil scheme to oppress Africans. It’s the old myth of the Noble Savage.
I know for sure that studying history is not the favorite pastime of many people in my country, not to mention the absence of the most fundamental notions of geography, but now and then I like to speak out about this dull notions. You see, I’m getting older and my patience is becoming scarce, think about Einstenium to get the picture.
The recent hush-hush between Italy and France about immigration from Africa stirred many discussions in the ‘net, with a whole lot of rage and indignation for the harsh words used by the French President and other people related to the French authorities against Italy.
When it comes to Africa and to the complex history between African countries and the former European powers the name of France stands out for a decision made in 1945, right after the Bretton Woods Agreements. They created two brand new currencies, named CFA Franc and CFP Franc, for their colonies with a fixed exchange with the French Franc. The former was created for the African colonies, the latter for the overseas territories (French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna). To add a layer of bureaucratic redundancy, CFA Franc was split in West African Franc and Central African Franc.
Politics are just wonderful. The more you know about it, the less it makes sense. Think about the current Italian situation, for instance. In the 80-plus days after the last round of political elections, we got every possible lecture from abroad, it looks like everybody wanted to put his or her finger in the pie.
It’s true that we got an unprecedented situation, with a party (the Five Stars Movement) that never had direct experience of nation-wide matters, partnered with another (the League, formerly known as The Northern League) that is known for its Euroscepticism. So far, nobody knows for sure what the new government will do. To put it bluntly, they have the democratic right to push their own agenda ( for better or worse).
Welcome back to Italy, the country where the distance between tragedy and farce is shorter every day. As for the title of this post, the 2018 political standoff goes on with more and more shades of political degradation with no end in sight.
Yesterday our president Sergio Mattarella refused, once for all, to greenlight the start of a new government. In our constitutional laws, he was authorized to do that, but it is the first time ever that the motivation of such denial was tied to the possible destabilization of the Euro currency and to the general connection between our national economic system and the EU financial system. That’s thin ice at best.
The Ministry of Justice of Sweden noticed last month a press release (look HERE) about their new sexual offense legislation, setting up higher standards for the concept of consent and introducing in their law system two new offenses, “negligent rape” and “negligent sexual abuse“. The fundamental idea is that there has to be always an explicit consent before having sex, no matter the situation. It’s a positive change, a sign of awareness about the rising incidence of sexual offenses. Hopefully, it is destined to raise the stakes against all the sexual crimes in all Europe.
Question: what causes the increment in the sexual-related crimes in Sweden?
Sometimes, we have to stop for a moment and pay the proper respect for a good man. From the title of this post, you already know the name of such a man. Better, you already know that we’re talking about a hero.