Understanding the Brexit – a new MOOC

This week on FutureLearn is starting a brand new MOOC, based on material from the University of Edinburgh, about the upcoming referendum in the UK.

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Brexit – what will change?

Flags_of_European_Union

The forthcoming UK’s referendum about the future of the permanence inside the EU of the United Kingdom is important for all the other countries inside such union and for the perspective of the nations that are considering to enter the EU.
No country opted out before and the future choice of the UK citizens will open a door to unknown lands. There’s no procedure to follow, no legal precedents and no historic references to use. EU is not an alliance based on strategical/military agreements like NATO, nor it’s a short list of economic matters.

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Money and Lies

You have heard of the confrontation running between Greece and EU about economic matters and maybe you’re waiting for the results of today’s referendum to know if a tiny country will refuse or not to find another economic agreement with the so-called “troika” (that’s ECB, EU and IMF).

The best thing of all this noise is about the time dedicated by media on this kind of problems. Maybe, just maybe, more and more people will start to understand to monumental mass of lies that goes around modern-day economics, starting with the money itself.

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Falkland Islands – the right to vote

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Today we will know exactly what Falklands Islands population voted about their rights of sovereignty; a referendum is on the run, a signal will ge given by a 2000-sized population to the national governments of UK and Argentina about what the islanders want for their future. The question posed to the voters is the following:

Do you wish the Falkland Islands to retain their current political status as an Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom?

And this is the statement that explain the question above.

The current political status of the Falkland Islands is that they are an Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom. The Islands are internally self-governing, with the United Kingdom being responsible for matters including defence and foreign affairs. Under the Falkland Islands Constitution the people of the Falkland Islands have the right to self-determination, which they can exercise at any time. Given that Argentina is calling for negotiations over the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands, this referendum is being undertaken to consult the people regarding their views on the political status of the Falkland Islands. Should the majority of votes cast be against the current status, the Falkland Islands Government will undertake necessary consultation and preparatory work in order to conduct a further referendum on alternative options.

For the “kelpers” (that’s the name adopted by the local population) it’s a matter to set a point in the struggle between UK and Argentina about who will be in control of their territories. For the Argentinians their claims dates back to the 1833 and the Islas Malvinas (that’s the name they use for Falklands Islands) are part of their nation, no matter if they have to fight for it. As you may remember there was a war in the ’80s, following the invasion of this little islands by Argentinian troops. For the military junta this conflict was a matter of populism, a way to have their people overlook to a foreign enemy instead to think about economic recession and being under a non-democratic rule. Today’s matters are a bit different.

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See the picture above? The new factor is about oil and gas. There’s a good-sized oil field, right next to the Falklands Islands, a potential good source of income for who get to drill in it. Easy to say that UK and Argentina share a strong interest about it. Plus, both governments needs a strong argument to be shown to their internal audiences. David Cameron as a political leader is under heavy criticism and Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, Argentinian president, is already walking on a thin line to assure her nation about the economic collapse.  Recent polls held in UK and in Argentina shows strong responses about this struggle, not to mention the choices for a new war.

Note: about the 1982 war I strongly suggest to read “Sink the Belgrano” by Mike Rossiter.

Lasciamo stare gli ordini, anzi facciamone degli altri

Il perenne dibattito sull’abolizione degli ordini professionali, ne sento parlare fin dai tempi lontani della mia adolescenza, mi ha francamente stufato. Anche perchè di facile demagogia ne sono pieni i fossi, per tacere di altri luoghi meno commendevoli. Tuttavia si può essere un filo più creativi e magari rispettare la Costituzione.

I cittadini hanno diritto di associarsi, questo dice in sostanza la Carta, il che equivale a dire che abolire gli ordini presenta un conflitto evidente per la Corte Costituzionale. Benissimo. A questo punto facciamo altro. Per esempio guardiamo a quanto stabilito dalle leggi dello Stato e non dal regolamento degli ordini stessi.

Le norme che stabiliscono gli esami di Stato per l’abilitazione sono parte del corpus legi. Quindi emendabili o riformabili e guarda un pò, sottoponibili ad abolizione per referendum. Che succede se si abolisce l’esame di Stato? Se fosse il solo titolo di studio a dare diritto di praticare una professione?

Già che ci siamo, anche le norme che impongono il praticantato, fonte di lavoro pressochè gratuito ben prima dell’invenzione degli stage, sono passibili di modifica e/o abolizione. Che succede se si toglie questa forma di servitù?

Non credo sia giusto impedire a chi si occupa della stessa professione, per esempio gli avvocati, il diritto di associarsi e di creare delle strutture previdenziali. Se si possono fare assicurazioni integrative, perchè non progetti specializzati? Ma contesto il diritto di un ordine di vessare chi si avvicina a una professione, così come considero un residuo del medio evo le ipotetiche sanzioni intra ordine per chi non rispetta le regole.

Le leggi la fa lo Stato e tocca sempre allo Stato farle rispettare. Non al collegio dei probiviri dell’ordine X.

Perciò che si mantengano pure gli ordini. Se ne facciamo anche di nuovi, perché no? Una volta esclusa l’obbligatorietà di adesione voglio vedere quanto vanno avanti.